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Irish Youth Health Promotion Bibliography

This is a comprehensive bibliography of published and unpublished studies, post-graduate theses, and other research studies related to youth health promotion in the youth work sector in Ireland. We are very grateful to the Health Promotion research centre based in NUI Galway for their support in collating this bibliography of research studies.

This bibliography will act as a foundation for an in-depth evaluation of Irish research on youth health promotion. It will assist in identifying gaps in policy and practice, planning future projects and reduce duplication of research.

Example Searches:

Alcohol , Drugs, Mental Health, Sexual Health, Youth Work , Kildare, Youth

The search results show a summary of each resource. Click on the Title of the resource to see the full information.

Risk and protective factors for substance use among young people.

Full title: 
Risk and protective factors for substance use among young people.
Author: 
Haas, T., & Pratschke, J.
Year: 
2010
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
Haas, T., & Pratschke, J. (2010). Risk and protective factors for substance use among young people. Dublin: The Stationary Office.
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To examine substance use among youth attending school compared to early school leavers in Ireland.
Methodology: 
Face-to-face interviews.
Participants: 
Young people aged 15 to 18 years (n=991).
Conclusion: 
This report identifies risk and protective factors for substance use in Irish youth. The protective factors include; parental involvement and positive school experiences. The risk factors include; low-self esteem, aggressive behaviour and experimentation. In particular when comparing young people attending school with early school leavers, the report found that there were similarities in the risk and protective factors as well as individual factors. This report concludes that higher levels of substance use among early school leavers were primarily a result of the factors relating to leaving school early.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
Ireland, early school leavers, substance use
Length: 
140 pages

Qualitative information gleaned from contextual analysis, key informant interviews, a stakeholder meeting, & focus groups with young people in County Galway; general community characteristics.

Full title: 
Qualitative information gleaned from contextual analysis, key informant interviews, a stakeholder meeting, & focus groups with young people in County Galway; general community characteristics.
Author: 
Headstrong, the National centre for youth and mental health.
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
Headstrong (2007). Qualitative information gleaned from contextual analysis, key informant interviews, a stakeholder meeting, & focus groups with young people in County Galway. Dublin: Headstrong, The National Centre for Youth and Mental Health.
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To identify the needs and services available to young people in Galway city and County.
Methodology: 
Interviews and focus groups.
Participants: 
Managers of Ballybane Community Centre, of the Neighbourhood Youth Project (NYP), of the Support Programme for Asylum Seekers and Refugee Kids (SPARK), a nurse & counsellor at The Gaf, 6 early school leavers, 13 secondary school students, 8 NUI Galway students, 8 members of The Gaf youth council, 8 children from the Clifden area and the Jigsaw project community stakeholders.
Conclusion: 
A profile of young people in Galway city and County is provided. Many youth service needs identified by young people (e.g. the need to have someone to talk to, for funded youth services, for local activities that would allow youth to “work out their frustrations and energies”) and by service providers (e.g. engagement and maintaining youth involvement, promotion of services, particularly towards suicide prevention) are described.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
youths, profile, needs assessment, Galway
Length: 
60 pages

Our views: anybody listening? Researching the views and needs of young people in County Kildare.

Full title: 
Our views: anybody listening? Researching the views and needs of young people in County Kildare.
Author: 
Lalor, K., & Baird, K.
Year: 
2006
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
Lalor, K., & Baird, K. (2006). Our views: anybody listening? Researching the views and needs of young people in County Kildare. Dublin Institute of Technology: Centre for Social and Education Research.
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To give young people a voice in the provision of services; to explore and identify what young people have to say about community facilities, leisure activities, worries, concerns and sources of support.
Methodology: 
Questionnaires.
Participants: 
The sample was drawn from first, third and sixth year students in 25 of the 29 secondary schools in County Kildare and participants at the three Youthreach centres in the county. A total of 988 adolescents: 966 school children and 22 Youthreach participants were involved.
Conclusion: 
An overview of the activities was provided, as well as views and needs reported by the young people. The researchers acknowledged that policies and legislation are in place for many of the recommendations, but the resource commitment to meet the needs of young people in County Kildare are lacking. This report identifies that additional resources should be provided for: schools (through the Department of Education and Science), family support and counselling (through the Health Services Executive), youthwork services (as envisioned in the National Youthwork Development Plan) to address the needs of youth.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
needs assessment, services, youths, Kildare
Length: 
91 pages

Steps towards inclusion: developing youth work with separated children.

Full title: 
Steps towards inclusion: developing youth work with separated children.
Author: 
McCrea, N.
Year: 
2003
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
McCrea, N. (2003). Steps towards inclusion: developing youth work with separated children. Dublin: Youth action against racism and discrimination.
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To explore the role of youth organisations in welcoming young separated asylum-seeker children and assisting their integration into Irish society.
Methodology: 
Semi-structured interviews, focus groups, documentary research.
Participants: 
Six adults who have experience of working with separated children, 11 representatives of the youth work sector who had no contact with separated children, young Irish people attending a locally-based youth club, a representative from a voluntary refugee project working with separated children and documentary research on the experiences of separated children.
Conclusion: 
This report identifies the needs of young people participating in youth work and found that an integrated approach was viewed as the most appropriate long-term response to their needs. It also identifies the challenges and opportunities for these children in accessing youth work. The report concludes with 4 primary recommendations; to develop youth work programmes with separated children, to provide training and education, to provide funding and resources and longer-term strategies for building a more inclusive youth work sector.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
separated children, asylum seekers, youth work
Length: 
74 pages

A voice being heard a research report on youth wellbeing in Balbriggan.

Full title: 
A voice being heard a research report on youth wellbeing in Balbriggan.
Author: 
McGrory, S.
Year: 
2010
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
McGrory, S. (2010). A voice being heard: a research report on youth wellbeing in Balbriggan. Dublin: Health Service Executive and Fingal LEADER Partnership.
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To identify the needs and issues of young people in the Balbriggan area, the need for additional supports and services in the area, and to develop a plan to address these needs.
Methodology: 
The research process had two aspects (i) review of relevant literature and (ii) fieldwork/consultation with relevant target groups using qualitative research methods (focus groups and draw and write techniques).
Participants: 
Eighty five children aged 10-12 years, 96 young people aged 12-18 years, 36 parents and 61 stakeholders and service providers.
Conclusion: 
This report concludes with a 13 page action plan incorporating the recommendations of all participant groups under many headings including: youth services, out-of-school settings and community-wide interventions.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
youth research, health needs
Length: 
157 pages

In from the cold: towards a strategy for rural youth work.

Full title: 
In from the cold: towards a strategy for rural youth work.
Author: 
O’Dwyer, A.
Year: 
2001
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
O’Dwyer, A. (2001). In from the cold: towards a strategy for rural youth work. Kerry: Kerry Diocesan Youth Service.
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To research the developmental needs of rural young people in the Kerry Diocese.
Methodology: 
Focus groups, semi-structured interviews and a literature search.
Participants: 
Young people, youth workers, community representatives and groups and policy makers.
Conclusion: 
This report identifies isolation, transport, facilities, substance abuse, lack of access to essential services and the low value placed on young people by decision-makers and people in power as important issues that face young people. It also identifies the needs of young people under 15 years (an alternative to sport, youth club discos, a sense of belonging and a safe environment to socialise in) and youth over 15 years (a safe environment to socialise in, to be recognised and taken seriously and to develop links with youth clubs) as well as gaps in current youth work provision. The report provides recommendations including: the need for provision of a quality rural youth work service, the provision of a holistic healthy place for young people to spend their free time and to make information available on health issues, career guidance, sexuality and AIDS.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
rural, youth work, Kerry
Length: 
85 pages
Public Accessibility: 
Available form Youth Information Tralee

Report on consultations with teenagers on issues to be considered by the Minister for Children when examining the age of consent for sexual activity.

Full title: 
Report on consultations with teenagers on issues to be considered by the Minister for Children when examining the age of consent for sexual activity.
Author: 
Office of the Minister for Children
Year: 
2006
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
Office of the Minister for Children (2006). Report on consultations with teenagers on issues to be considered by the Minister for Children when examining the age of consent for sexual activity. Dublin: The Stationary Office.
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To seek the views of teenagers on the age of consent and other matters related to teenage sexual activity.
Methodology: 
Using a participative research methodology called ‘Open Space’, the participants identified the key issues they wanted to discuss in workshops and to put forward to the Minister for Children. Each individual participant identified as many issues as they desired and posted their contribution on an open wall. These issues were then clustered together thematically to form the ‘workshop agenda’. Between 6 and 8 thematic workshops took place at each location, depending on the number of issues identified.
Participants: 
Two hundred and ten young people aged between 15 and 18 years were consulted in five locations around the country.
Conclusion: 
There were four issues in particular that young people deemed important: sex education, information and resources on sex, equality and the law, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and services. Other issues that were considered extremely important by the participants when examining the age of consent included: the role of parents, maturity, teenage pregnancy, contraception, confidentiality, peer pressure, the role of alcohol and drugs on decision-making and child protection. These are all important for youth workers to be aware of to promote the health of young people in Ireland.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
youth, consultations, age of consent, Ireland
Length: 
56 pages

The real deal: a feasibility study of peer-led sex education for early school leavers.

Full title: 
The real deal: a feasibility study of peer-led sex education for early school leavers.
Author: 
Paul, G., Bell, C., Fitzpatrick, A., & Smith, M.
Year: 
2010
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
Paul, G., Bell, C., Fitzpatrick, A., & Smith, M. (2010). The real deal: a feasibility study of peer-led sex education for early school leavers. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 15(5), 343-356.
Publication Type: 
Peer reviewed journal article
Aim: 
To explore female early school leaver’s experience of sexual activity and sex education; and to assess the feasibility and potential impact of a peer-led sex education intervention.
Methodology: 
Both quantitative (self-completed questionnaire) and qualitative (focus groups) research methods were used to evaluate the intervention.
Participants: 
Forty five young female early school leavers aged between 15 and 21 years of age (attending the four Community Educational Training Centres) and ten peer educators.
Conclusion: 
The report concludes that this intervention was very well received by both peer educators and participants. To assess the effectiveness of the intervention a larger randomised control trial should be conducted.
Keywords: 
sex education, early school leavers, peer education
Subject Matter: 
n/a
Length: 
13 pages

A needs analysis of traveller youth in New Ross.

Full title: 
A needs analysis of traveller youth in New Ross.
Author: 
Quinn, P.
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
Quinn, P. A needs analysis of traveller youth in New Ross. New Ross: Traveller Youth Working Group, (publication date unknown).
Publication Type: 
Report
Aim: 
To conduct a needs analysis of young Travellers in New Ross and the surrounding area to make services more appropriate to the needs of the target group.
Methodology: 
This study involved a number of steps; a literature review was conducted and demographics collected relating to young Travellers. Focus groups with young Travellers and interviews with statutory agencies and NGOs were also conducted. Site visits to Traveller youth projects in other areas took place. Details of the focus groups and interviews are not provided in this report.
Participants: 
Four separate focus group discussions were conducted with younger and older boys and younger and older girls. One-to-one interviews were conducted with statutory agencies, key stakeholders and NGO’s.
Conclusion: 
This needs analysis resulted in the development of recommendations for Traveller youth in New Ross, spanning many areas including: accommodation, education, training and employment, sport and recreation, with youth programmes and activities being particularly relevant to this area.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
needs assessment, Traveller youth, Ireland
Length: 
49 pages

An exploration into the drug and alcohol related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of early school leavers aged 15-20 years in the West of Ireland.

Full title: 
An exploration into the drug and alcohol related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of early school leavers aged 15-20 years in the West of Ireland.
Author: 
Redmond, S.
Year: 
2008
Category: 
Needs Assessment
Citation: 
Redmond, S. (2008). An exploration into the drug and alcohol related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of early school leavers aged 15-20 years in the West of Ireland. University of Limerick: Unpublished MA Thesis.
Publication Type: 
Master of Arts thesis
Aim: 
To explore drug and alcohol related attitudes, knowledge and behaviours of early school leavers in the West of Ireland.
Methodology: 
A mixed methods approach, triangulation, was employed to collect data. Data collection involved three phases; questionnaires, focus groups and photo-voice.
Participants: 
Questionnaires were completed by 106 young people (47males, 59 females, 15-20 years, mean age 16 years); 22 were involved in three focus groups (14 males, 8 females, mean age 16 years), one per county: Galway, Mayo and Roscommon; and five male (15-16 years) participants in photo-voice. (Photo-voice is a research method that gives the participants a creative opportunity to express themselves, particularly useful for those experiencing language barriers).
Conclusion: 
The findings suggest that while a high proportion of early school leavers use illicit substances, many do not. The study concludes that consistent and appropriate methods are required to engage young people to challenge attitudes to substance use, enhance young people’s knowledge, positively impact their behaviour and utilise normative education. It calls for an emphasis to be placed on providing a range of youth services to meet the needs of young people, and for a more holistic and creative approach to be adopted within the education system to achieve better mental health, social health and emotional health.
Keywords: 
n/a
Subject Matter: 
early school leavers, drugs, alcohol, knowledge
Length: 
186 pages

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